On the Web: Fair Trade Federation Principles

http://www.fairtradefederation.org/fair-trade-federation-principles/

The Fair Trade Federation Principles have been created using the global principles of the World Fair Trade Organization (WFTO) as their foundation. The Fair Trade Federation and the World Fair Trade Organization recognize and uphold each other’s principles, and work together as allied organizations to promote greater equity in international trade

Fair Trade Federation members fully commit to the following principles in all of their transactions.

Create Opportunities for Economically and Socially Marginalized Producers

Fair Trade is a strategy for poverty alleviation and sustainable development. Members create social and economic opportunities through trading partnerships with marginalized producers. Members place the interests of producers and their communities as the primary concern of their enterprise.

Develop Transparent and Accountable Relationships

Fair Trade involves relationships that are open, fair, consistent, and respectful. Members show consideration for both customers and producers by sharing information about the entire trading chain through honest and proactive communication. They create mechanisms to help customers and producers feel actively involved in the trading chain. If problems arise, members work cooperatively with fair trade partners and other organizations to implement solutions.

Build Capacity

Fair Trade is a means to develop producers’ independence. Members maintain long-term relationships based on solidarity, trust, and mutual respect, so that producers can improve their skills and their access to markets. Members help producers to build capacity through proactive communication, financial and technical assistance, market information, and dialogue. They seek to share lessons learned, to spread best practices, and to strengthen the connections between communities, including among producer groups.

Promote Fair Trade

Fair Trade encourages an understanding by all participants of their role in world trade. Members actively raise awareness about Fair Trade and the possibility of greater justice in the global economic system. They encourage customers and producers to ask questions about conventional and alternative supply chains and to make informed choices. Members demonstrate that trade can be a positive force for improving living standards, health, education, the distribution of power, and the environment in the communities with which they work.

Pay Promptly and Fairly

Fair Trade empowers producers to set prices within the framework of the true costs of labor, time, materials, sustainable growth, and related factors. Members take steps to ensure that producers have the capacity to manage this process. Members comply with or exceed international, national, local, and, where applicable, Fair Trade Minimum standards for their employees and producers. Members seek to ensure that income is distributed equitably at all times, particularly equal pay for equal work by women and men. Members ensure prompt payment to all of their partners. Producers are offered access to interest-free advance payment for handmade goods, or pre-finance of agricultural harvest with favorable terms.

Support Safe and Empowering Working Conditions

Fair Trade means a safe and healthy working environment free of forced labor. Throughout the trading chain, Members cultivate workplaces that empower people to participate in the decisions that affect them. Members seek to eliminate discrimination based on race, caste, national origin, religion, disability, gender, sexual orientation, union membership, political affiliation, age, marital, or health status. Members support workplaces free from physical, sexual, psychological, or verbal harassment or abuse.

Ensure the Rights of Children

Fair Trade means that all children have the right to security, education, and play. Throughout the trading chain, Members respect and support the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, as well as local laws and social norms. Members disclose the involvement of children in production. Members do not support child trafficking and exploitative child labor.

Cultivate Environmental Stewardship

Fair Trade seeks to offer current generations the ability to meet their needs without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Members actively consider the implications of their decisions on the environment and promote the responsible stewardship of resources. Members reduce, reuse, reclaim, and recycle materials wherever possible. They encourage environmentally sustainable practices throughout the entire trading chain.

Respect Cultural Identity

Fair Trade celebrates the cultural diversity of communities, while seeking to create positive and equitable change. Members respect the development of products, practices, and organizational models based on indigenous traditions and techniques to sustain cultures and revitalize traditions. Members balance market needs with producers’ cultural heritage.

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In the Media: A loophole in the slavery bill could allow companies to hide supply chain abuses

From: The Guardian (http://www.theguardian.com/)

“At the moment, the UK parliament is discussing a modern slavery bill, which the government says will hold big business to account and force companies to keep their supply chains slave free. To do this, it has included a transparency in supply chain (Tisc) clause into the bill, which this week is being debated again in the Lords.”
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“The Tisc clause will require companies carrying out all or some of their business in the UK to report on steps they are taking to identify and prevent slavery in the goods and services produced, used or brought back to the UK. But, as it is currently drafted, it does not require companies in the UK to report on all the supply chains in their groups overseas, such as those of wholly owned subsidiaries abroad.”

For the Whole Article, See:
http://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2015/mar/24/loophole-modern-slavery-bill-transparency-supply-chain-abuses

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ATEST: Alliance to End Slavery and Trafficking

Check-out: ATEST: Alliance to End Slavery and Trafficking

https://endslaveryandtrafficking.org/

“The Alliance to End Slavery and Trafficking is a U.S.-based coalition that advocates for solutions to prevent and end all forms of human trafficking and modern slavery around the world.”

Resources:

https://endslaveryandtrafficking.org/resources/

 

 

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The Blue Campaign: End Human Trafficking

The Campaign to End Human Trafficking from the Department of Homeland Security:
The Blue Campaign.

[https://www.dhs.gov/blue-campaign]

ABOUT The Campaign

“The Blue Campaign is the unified voice for the U.S. Department of Homeland Security’s (DHS) efforts to combat human trafficking. Working in collaboration with law enforcement, government, non-governmental and private organizations, the Blue Campaign strives to protect the basic right of freedom and to bring those who exploit human lives to justice.” [from  https://www.dhs.gov/blue-campaign/about-blue-campaign]    

What Is Human Trafficking?

“Human trafficking is a modern-day form of slavery involving the illegal trade of people for exploitation or commercial gain.

Every year, millions of men, women, and children are trafficked in countries around the world, including the United States. It is estimated that human trafficking generates many billions of dollars of profit per year, second only to drug trafficking as the most profitable form of transnational crime.

Human trafficking is a hidden crime as victims rarely come forward to seek help because of language barriers, fear of the traffickers, and/or fear of law enforcement…..” [from https://www.dhs.gov/blue-campaign/what-human-trafficking]

INDICATORS OF HUMAN TRAFFICKING

https://www.dhs.gov/blue-campaign/indicators-human-trafficking
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To report suspected human trafficking:

1-866-347 -2423

To get help from the National Human Trafficking Resource Center:

1-888-373-7888 or text HELP or INFO to BeFree (233733)

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What is Human Trafficking? Infographic

from https://www.dhs.gov/blue-campaign/infographic

What is Human Trafficking? Blue Campaign. One Voice. One Mission. End Human Trafficking.
Human trafficking is modern day slavery. exploiting a person through force, fraud, or coercion. sex trafficking, forced labor, and domestic servitude. happening everywhere, even in the United States, and victims can be U.S. Citizens or of any nationality, age, socioeconomic status, or gender. any person under the age of 18 involved in a commercial sex act.
Human trafficking is a highly profitable crime
Human Smuggling and Human Trafficking are different crimes. Human smuggling is the illegal movement of someone across a border. Human trafficking is the illegal exploitation of a person.
Human trafficking is happening in the United States
It is happening everywhere - suburbs, rural towns, cities
It can happen to anyone no matter race, age or gender
There are different types of human trafficking
Sex Trafficking. Sex trafficking victims are manipulated or forced against their will to engage in sex acts for money. Sex traffickers might use violence, threats, manipulation, or the promise of love and affection to lure victims. Truck stops, hotel rooms, rest areas, street corners, clubs, and private residences are just some of the places where victims are forced to sell sex.
Forced Labor. Victims of forced labor could be found in factories, or farms, doing construction work, and more. Very often victims are forced to manufacture or grow products that we use and consume every day. Through force, fraud, or coercion, victims are made to work for little or no pay.
Domestic servitude. Traffickers sometimes take a victim's identification papers and travel documents in order to limit their freedom. Victims of domestic servitude are hidden in plain sight, forced to work in homes across the United States. They are prisoners working as nannies, maids, or domestic help.
Every year in the United States thousands of human trafficking cases are reported, but many more go unnoticed. Human trafficking is a hidden crime. Victims might be afraid to come forward, or we may not recognize the signs, even if it is happening right in front of us. We need to bring this crime out of the shadows.
How the Department of Homeland Security is fighting human trafficking. The Department of Homeland Security created the Blue Campaign to take a stand against modern day slavery and help combat this heinous crime by raising awareness of homan trafficking around the country.
What you can do to stop human trafficking.
Join the DHS Blue Campaign. Visit the Blue Campaign website: dhs.gov/blue-campaign. Learn more about the signs and indicators of human trafficking: dhs.gov/blue-campaign/awareness-training. Spread the word - download and share anti-human trafficking materials: dhs.gov/blue-campaign/resource-catalog. View and share our Public Service Announcement: dhs.gov/blue-campaign-video. Follow us on Facebook: facebook.com/bluecampaign
Be an informed consumer. Know who makes the products you buy and the food you eat to help keep slavery tainted items out of your home. Visit the Department of Labor list of goods that could be subject to human trafficking at dol.gov/ilab/reports/child-labor/list-of-goods
Recognize and report suspected human trafficking. To contact federal law enforcement, call 1-866-DHS-2-ICE. Or submit a tip online at www.ice.gov/tips. For victim support from the National Human Trafficking Resource Center (NHTRC), call 1-888-373-7888 or text HELP or INFO to Befree(233733). Help us bring this crime out of the shadows and into the light. Join the Blue Campaign.
Blue Campaign. One Voice. One Mission. End Human Trafficking. dhs.gov/blue-campaign

For more info go to:

https://www.dhs.gov/blue-campaign

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Garment Workers: Cambodia

LIFE ON $3 A DAY: GARMENT WORKERS AND CAMBODIA’S STRUGGLE FOR HUMAN RIGHTS (January 14, 2014) (AJWS)

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Excerpts:

“It’s a warm morning in early December, and Win is showing me what life in Phnom Penh on $80 a month looks like.

That’s less than $3 a day, and it’s the minimum wage for garment workers in Cambodia. For Win, it means living in a tiny cement room that fits a wooden pallet about the size of a queen bed, a sink area for cooking and not much else. Most garment workers share these spaces, where four to six people live. Like Win, most of them begin working in the factories as teenagers, around age 15 or 16.”
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“In addition to the squalid housing, many of the women suffer from a host of challenges in the factories: long hours; short labor contracts that weaken job security; sick leave that’s almost impossible to take because it requires clinic visits no one can afford; bosses who make threats for unfair reasons, like a woman opting not to work overtime; heat and fabric-conditioning chemicals that have led some women to pass out or get sick; and loud machines that can cause hearing damage.”
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“Right up until their (brief) maternity leave, pregnant garment workers are typically working—and likely on their feet—from about 7 a.m. to 8 p.m. Monday to Friday, then 7 a.m. to 4 p.m. on weekends.”

Read the Article:
https://ajws.org/blog/life-on-3-a-day-garment-workers-and-cambodias-struggle-for-human-rights/

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Support Progams That Help People Around the World: The American Jewish World Service (AJWS)

The American Jewish World Service (AJWS)

https://ajws.org/

“[AJWS] strive[s] to end poverty and promote human rights in the developing world. This is no easy task, but we’ve got the knowledge, passion and innovation to make an enduring difference.” (https://ajws.org/what-we-do/)

Where AJWS Works

“From India to Haiti, Kenya to Cambodia, AJWS supports extraordinary leaders for social justice who are working to build a better world—locally, nationally and globally.” (https://ajws.org/where-we-work/)

“[AJWS is] a Jewish organization with a diverse community of supporters, including Jews of every background and people of all faiths, ethnicities, races, gender identities and sexual orientations. AJWS supporters share our core value that people confronting poverty and oppression deserve the resources they need to pursue their own visions of justice.” (https://ajws.org/who-we-are/resources/what-inspires-us/)

” [AJWS] combine[s] the power of our grants to human rights advocates in developing countries with our efforts to persuade the United States government to adopt laws and policies that benefit people in the developing world.

Through our grants, AJWS provides financial support to more than 500 local advocacy organizations in 19 countries in Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean that are working to end poverty and advance the rights of some of the poorest and most oppressed people in the world. Unlike most funders, AJWS recognizes the central role of local people in solving the problems they experience. We trust local advocates to develop and carry out their own solutions to build more just societies.

In the United States, AJWS mobilizes its supporters to persuade the United States Congress and the President of the United States to adopt policies and laws that improve the lives of people in the developing world.” (From https://ajws.org/who-we-are/)

WHY HUMAN RIGHTS?

“[AJWS] believe[s] that realizing human rights is the essential first step to building just societies. When people are empowered to pursue their own destinies and have a voice in shaping solutions to problems they experience, they are better equipped to overcome poverty, live with dignity and transform the lives of others…

[AJWS] strive[s] to overcome deep inequalities and injustices in society that are root causes of poverty and oppression. In addition to addressing immediate needs like food, jobs and healthcare, our grantees in the developing world advocate for people’s essential freedoms—like the right to live without violence, the right to have a say in the laws that govern society and the right to express one’s religion, culture, sexual orientation or gender identity.

While our grantees are defending these liberties and building movements to bring about lasting change in their countries, we’re ensuring that the U.S. government does all it can to advance the rights of millions of people worldwide.

All people are equally entitled to human rights, a concept that is central to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948, which was adopted by the United Nations in response to the Holocaust. This modern tenet shares much in common with the Jewish belief that all human beings are created in the Divine image—infinitely valuable and deserving of respect.”

AJWS: Strategies

“AJWS has a two-pronged strategy for building a more just and equitable world. We provide over $35 million annually to more than 500 social justice organizations in 19 countries in Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean.

At the same time, we advocate for laws and policies in the United States that will improve the lives of millions of people around the world. We do this by leading campaigns for human rights and by building relationships with Jewish leaders, elected officials and other supporters of human rights to promote justice and equality in developing countries.

Our international grantmaking and U.S. advocacy focus on five central issues that we believe are key to securing human rights and ending poverty.” (https://ajws.org/what-we-do/)

[AJWS] KEY CONTRIBUTIONS

 

AJWS supports more than 500 social change organizations around the world…Some of the ways [AJWS has] made a difference:

CONTRIBUTIONS TO DISASTER RELIEF

CONTRIBUTIONS TO PROMOTING SEXUAL HEALTH AND RIGHTS
CONTRIBUTIONS TO PROMOTING CIVIL AND POLITICAL RIGHTS
CONTRIBUTIONS TO PROMOTING LAND AND WATER RIGHTS

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MEET NAW WAH

“We Women Can Do It”— Refugees Strive to Overcome Violence in Burma

___________________________________________

JULIENNE LUSENGE

Raising a voice for women amid the horrors of war

Democratic Republic of Congo

https://ajws.org/stories/30-at-30-celebrating-our-global-leaders-julienne-lusenge/


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CHILD MARRIAGE: EMERGING TRENDS IN NEWS MEDIA

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Empower People with Micro Loans: KIVA

ABOUT KIVA

from: https://www.kiva.org/about

“[Kiva is]  a non-profit organization with a mission to connect people through lending to alleviate poverty. Leveraging the internet and a worldwide network of microfinance institutions, Kiva lets individuals lend as little as $25 to help create opportunity around the world.

Since Kiva was founded in 2005:

  • 1,384,929 Kiva lenders
  • $811,470,200in loans
  • 98.40% repayment rate

[KIVA] work[s] with:

  • 304 Field Partners
  • 450 volunteers around the world
  • 83 different countries”

____________________________________________

How Kiva Works: The Story of a Kiva Loan.

From: https://www.kiva.org/about/how

 

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Note: As with any loan, there is a risk of it not being paid back. See Kiva’s Website for full informaotion.

 

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Tea Production

Articles from 2013:

How poverty wages for tea pickers fuel India’s trade in child slavery

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/jul/20/poverty-tea-pickers-india-child-slavery

“Millions of Brits drink a cup of Assam tea each day, but it comes at a terrible price. Plantation workers on 12p an hour are easy prey for traffickers who lure away their daughters to India’s cities. Now pressure is growing on big tea brands to safeguard better pay”

A Response to this Article from FairTrade International

http://www.fairtrade.net/single-view+M5aa206fee83.html?&L=1


From 2014


The Indian Tea Pickers Starving to Death

 http://apirnet.ilo.org/news/the-indian-tea-pickers-starving-to-death

The More Things Change…” The World Bank, Tata and Enduring Abuses on India’s Tea Plantations

(From Columbia University Law School: Human Rights Institute):

http://web.law.columbia.edu/human-rights-institute/initiatives/global-economy/tea-plantations/more-things-change

2015 Articles

The Indian women who took on a multinational and won

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-34513824

Tea Workers Take a Stand for Better Wages in India

http://equalexchange.coop/blog/tea-workers-take-a-stand-for-better-wages-in-india

Assam tea workers to get Rs.169 minimum daily wage

http://www.business-standard.com/article/news-ians/assam-tea-workers-to-get-rs-169-minimum-daily-wage-115011700594_1.html

The bitter story behind the UK’s national drink

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-34173532


More Information


Fair Trade Information and Product Lists from GreenAmerica

http://www.greenamerica.org/programs/fairtrade/products/tea.cfm

List of Various Products (Tea, Coffee, etc.): Where to Buy

http://www.greenamerica.org/programs/fairtrade/products/wheretobuy.cfm

The Ethical Tea Partnership

http://www.ethicalteapartnership.org/

A Book

The Darjeeling Distinction: Labor and Justice on Fair-Trade Tea Plantations in India (California Studies in Food and Culture) (November 23, 2013) by Sarah Besky.

Rainforest Alliance Certified Tea

http://www.rainforest-alliance.org/work/agriculture/tea


Some Companies Selling Fair Trade Tea* 


Choice Organics Tea

http://shop.choiceorganicteas.com/Fair-Trade-Teas/c/ChoiceOrganicTeas@FairTradeTeas


Numi Tea

http://www.numitea.com/people/fair-trade-certified/

http://www.numitea.com/people/fair-labor-practices/


Starwest Botanicals

http://www.starwest-botanicals.com/category/loose-fair-trade-certified-tea/


Rishi Tea (See FAQ under Sourcing)

http://www.rishi-tea.com/product_faq

See also What Direct Trade Is

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*Website/Owner not affiliated with these companies. Just an example of a few companies. No financial compensation is/was received from the Tea Brands Listed Here!

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Child Labor: Worst Forms

Worst forms of child labour

“Of the children in child labour, some 115 million are engaged in ‘hazardous work,’ otherwise known as the worst forms of child labour (ILO, 2010).  This is work that irreversibly threatens children’s health and development, through, for example, exposure to dangerous machinery or toxic substances, and may even endanger their lives. The worst forms of child labour also include the 8.4 million children in slavery and slavery-like practices, who are also subject to exploitation by others, and are the priority for us all to address.” (Anti-Slavery.org)

http://www.antislavery.org/english/slavery_today/child_slavery/default.aspx

For More Information: 

http://www.antislavery.org/english/

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Poverty in The USA

From the University of New England School of Social Work:


University of New England Online

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The Signs of Slavery

“Help Free The UK From Modern Day Slavery”

https://modernslavery.co.uk/index.html#home

Spot the Signs of Modern Day Slavery:

https://modernslavery.co.uk/spot-the-signs.html

TV Spot: 

https://modernslavery.co.uk/index.html#video/0

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FairTrade Certification by FLOCERT

http://www.flocert.net/

“We’re a global certification and verification body, first set up in 2003 to independently certify Fairtrade products.

Our aim is fairer global trade. We use our experience and expertise to help producers, traders and brands spread fair practices across supply chains.” (FLOCERT)

Learn About The FairTrade Certification Process:

http://www.flocert.net/fairtrade-services/fairtrade-certification/how-it-works/

Watch A Video About The Process:

http://www.flocert.net/adivi/inner.html

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Fairtrade Certification

How Do Products Become Fairtrade Certified:

From Fairtrade International

Fair Trade Logo - Click to return to homepage

http://www.fairtrade.net/certifying-fairtrade.html

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Human Trafficking Awareness Training

The US Department of State Has A Mini Course To Learn About Human Trafficking:

http://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/training/dhs_awareness_training_fy12/launchPage.htm

See Also

What is Modern Slavery? (They also mention the various forms of modern day slavery):

http://www.state.gov/j/tip/what/

 

 

 

 

 

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On the Web: International Labor Rights Forum

“International Labor Rights Forum is a human rights organization that advocates for workers globally.

Our core work is three-fold:

1. We hold global corporations accountable for labor rights violations in their supply chains.

2. We advance policies and laws that protect workers.

3. We strengthen workers’ ability to advocate for their rights.”

from http://www.laborrights.org/about

Learn About Their Work:

http://www.laborrights.org/our-work

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On the Web: Why Is The U.S. Desperate To OK Slavery In Malaysia?

From the Huffington Post:

by Akbar Shahid Ahmed, Ryan Grim and Laura Barron-Lopez

Posted: 05/26/2015 6:28 pm EDT Updated: 05/27/2015 8:59 am EDT

“WASHINGTON — On Friday night, in an impressive display of dysfunction, the U.S. Senate approved a controversial trade bill with a provision that the White House, Senate leadership and the author of the language himself wanted taken out.

The provision, which bars countries that engage in slavery from being part of major trade deals with the U.S., was written by Sen. Bob Menendez (D-N.J.). At the insistence of the White House, Menendez agreed to modify his language to say that as long as a country is taking ‘concrete’ steps toward reducing human trafficking and forced labor, it can be part of a trade deal. Under the original language, the country that would be excluded from the pending Trans-Pacific Partnership pact is Malaysia.”

See the Full Article at

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2015/05/26/tpp-malaysia-slavery_n_7444978.html

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To Sign A Petition:

President Obama – Don’t turn a blind eye to slavery

To be delivered to President Barack Obama:

http://petitions.moveon.org/keystoneprogress/sign/president-obama-dont-27

 

 

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